# Doing things in Python that you’d normally do in Excel – Data Analysis for Strength & Conditioning Coaches (Turner et al., 2015)

My previous blog on, Doing things in Python that you would normally do in Excel, got some nice feedback and seemed to be useful to a number of folks. As such, I’ve decided to continue on with that theme and put together a Python approach for constructing the stats in Anthony Turner‘s paper, Data Analysis for Strength and Conditioning Coaches: Using Excel to Analyze Reliability, Differences and Relationships.

In the paper, Anthony works through a few examples of calculating things like Smallest Worthwhile Change, Typical Error Measurement, and Cohen’s d Effect Size for CMJ, RSI, and Pro Agility. For the sake of brevity, my tutorial will only work through the CMJ data.

In his paper, Anthony walks through how a strength coach can apply this type of analysis very simply in Excel. I use his data to construct the same analysis in Python and end up with a data frame that represents each athlete on the team, their 3 CMJ’s, a goal/training target based on their SWC, and their Error Measurement.

Some things I cover in the tutorial that might be of interest to folks just starting out with Python:

1. Adding new columns to a data frame while calculating summary summary statistics row-wise (e.g., working across each individual athlete’s row instead of calculating summary statistics over an entire column, which is how we commonly do it).
2. Writing a custom function. In this tutorial I write a custom function to calculate the average and standard deviation across rows so that we only need one line of code to extract the information we are interested in.
3. Step-by-step calculation of Cohen’s d Effect Size in Python.

Building your own data frames. I manually build Anthony’s data from the paper into a data frame. I also build a data frame at the end of the tutorial for Cohen’s d Effect Size interpretation.

To access my Jupyter Notebook, go to my Github page, HERE.